Tag Archives: How to Do Discourse Analysis

actions vs activities

“[W]e humans also enact what I will call “activities,” using the word in a special and restricted way. By an “activity” I mean a socially recognized and institutionally or culturally supported endeavor that usually involves sequencing or combining actions in certain specified ways. Encouraging a student is an action, mentoring the student is an activity. Telling someone something about linguistics is an action (informing), lecturing on linguistics is an activity.” (Gee, J. P. (2014). How to do Discourse Analysis. p.95)

“If I say someone is “playing a video game,” I am naming an action. If I say they are “gaming,” I am naming an activity or practice, which names a way of engaging in various actions so as to be socially recognized by others as a “gamer.”” (ibid., p.103)